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Do the Jewish or Muslim faiths also have an order of readings based on a calendar?

Do the Jewish or Muslim faiths also have an order of readings based on a calendar?

Regarding a prescribed order of readings for Jews: there is no one prescribed order. The length of a "reading cycle" has varied over time: as the article on the "Triennial Cycle" in the Encyclopedia Judaica (2nd edition) notes, "In traditional synagogues, the Pentateuch is read in one year. Reform Judaism (and some Conservative synagogues) has, however, reverted to the ancient Palestinian custom of a triennial cycle" (vol. 20, p. 143). Another article in the Encyclopedia Judaica, 2nd edition, ("Torah, Reading Of") goes into a bit more detail about how the Torah is read today and includes a number of tables of readings. There is also an article on the "Triennial Cycle" in the first edition of the Encyclopedia Judaica; it's available for free online (http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=327&letter=T&search=triennial).

Tables of readings for the Jewish faith can be found online -- for example, http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/readingp.htm has a table for the annual reading of the Torah, along with another table of readings for special Sabbaths and holidays. Note that the Torah reading is accompanied by readings from the Prophets (called Haftaroth; the article mentioned above, entitled "Torah, Reading Of," notes that "[t]he practice of "completing" the Torah reading with a passage from one of the prophetic books, the haftarah ("completion"), is mentioned in the Mishnah (Meg. 4:1–2); the origins of the custom, however, are obscure" (vol. 20, p. 50). These tables are keyed to a calendar (http://www.mechon-mamre.org/jewfaq/current.htm); if you start with the calendar, you can get to the correct reading for a particular day by clicking the links on the calendar.

Online orders of reading for the triennial cycle are available, as this example: http://www.hebcal.com/hebcal/; to see weekly readings, make sure you check the "Weekly sedrot on Saturdays" option under the "Include events" section on the left of the page. The calendar will have links to the readings for both the annual and the triennial cycles.

Regarding a prescribed order of reading for Muslims: the Encyclopedia of the Qu'ran notes the following about recitation of the text: "During the fasting month of Ramaḍān, the entire Qur'ān is read over the course of the month in night prayers called tarāwīḥ. One of the standard divisions of the Qur'ān is its partition into thirty equal, consecutive parts, or juz' (pl. ajzā'); this sectioning facilitates complete recitation over the course of a month. In addition, during Ramaḍān or during the days of the pilgrimage, pious Muslims may recite the entire Qur'ān in one night. Muslims read the Qur'ān frequently as an act of supererogatory piety, and recitation — especially at night — is performed by committed Muslims" (from the article "Recitation of the Qur'ān" by Anna M. Gade, in Encyclopaedia of the Qur'ān, gen. ed. Jane Dammen McAuliffe (Washington DC. Brill, 2009). This article goes on to mention some of the sūras that are frequently evoked in specific situations, with emphasis on the correct recitation (including pronunciation) of the Arabic. As best we know, there is not a "cycle" or "order of readings for the Qur'ān, other than the Ramadan division of readings.

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Readings for the Coming Week
Transfiguration Sunday (February 23, 2020)
  • First reading
    • Exodus 24:12-18
  • Psalm
    • Psalm 2 or Psalm 99
  • Second reading
    • 2 Peter 1:16-21
  • Gospel
    • Matthew 17:1-9
Table of Readings for the Current Season
Epiphany (January 6, 2020 - February 23, 2020)

NEW! INTEGRATED PRINT PDFS AND SLIDES: Slideshows and Print PDFs can now be seamlessly accessed from every Sunday/Special Day scripture texts page. Links are located in the box on the right side of the page.

SLIDESHOW FORMATS: We offer PowerPoint and PDF slideshow files containing selected texts from each of the Sunday Lectionary readings along with reflective images. Since the images have copyright release for non-commercial use, the slideshows may be freely used in worship and educational settings. The slideshows are also linked via the "SLIDES" links in the box on the right of the scripture text pages. We are interested in your feedback; please contact us with your questions or comments.

PRINT PDF FORMATS: We offer a wide variety of printable formats that arrange the Lectionary readings for use as a handout, bulletin insert, or Bible study tool. The print PDFs are also linked via the "PRINT PDF" link in the box on the right of the scripture text pages. Please offer feedback, as we continue to develop these tools.

DAILY LECTIONARY READINGS: Daily readings expand the range of biblical reading in worship and personal devotion by providing daily citations for the full three-year cycle of the Revised Common Lectionary. These readings complement the Sunday and festival readings: Thursday through Saturday readings help prepare the reader for the Sunday ahead; Monday through Wednesday readings help the reader reflect on and digest what they heard in worship. You can also find the readings by looking for the "DAILY" link on the Sunday and Special Days scripture text pages. It is in the box on the right side of the screen.

CALENDARS: We offer a calendar feature for Google Calendar, iCal, and Outlook. Just click on the "calendar" icon in the top right corner of any page.